Commemorating the historic Winston Churchill funeral.

By: Molly Gorny | Date: Thu, January 29th, 2015

Saturday, January 24, 2015 marked the 50th anniversary of the death of Sir Winston Churchill. He was laid to rest on January 30th, 1965.  Until the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005, Winston Churchill’s state funeral was the largest in history.

Winston Churchill anniversary: Major events marking 50 years of his death, launch today

Incredible archive reveals final tribute to Sir Winston Churchill during state funeral.

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About the Sir Winston Churchill Funeral

  • Planning for the Winston Churchill funeral took place over 5 years.
  • The preparations for Churchill’s funeral were code named “Operation Hope Not”.
  • Churchill’s funeral was attended by representatives from 112 nations.
  • 350 million people (25 million in Britain) watched the funeral on live television.
  • It is quite rare for the Queen to attend the funeral of someone outside the royal family but she did attend Churchill’s service. In fact, it was by her royal decree that the former Prime Minster would lay in state in Westminster Hall for three days prior to the funeral.
  • In deference to the Prime Minister, the Queen was not the last to arrive. She arrived prior to the remains of Churchill.
  • In a moving tribute to the leader, crane jibs that lined the River Thames were lowered in salute as Churchill’s coffin passed by. This was not planned by the event organizers and is said to have taken them by surprise.
  • The military offered their respects by conducting a 19-gun salute by the Royal Artillery and an RAF fly-by of sixteen English Electric Lightning fighters.
  • In a nod to Churchill’s close relationship with the US, the Battle Hymn of the Republic was played at the request of Churchill’s family.
  • President Lyndon Johnson did not attend the funeral due to illness. Nor did he send the Vice President, Hubert Humphrey. Instead the US sent Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren. While the White House nevewr fully addressed the reasoning behind this, there was speculation that the President was more ill than was revealed and did not want to send the Vice President out of the country in case something might happen to him.
  • Former President Dwight Eisenhower, who was a close friend of Churchill, attended the funeral as a private citizen and delivered a personal tribute.

 BBC: The State Funeral of Sir Winston Churchill | Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part  4 |

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The Procession

The Winston Churchill funeral procession took that most ancient road that runs from the Palace of Westminster to the steps of the cathedral of St Paul. It is a road that half the history of England seems to have taken, on its way to a crowning or to a public and ignoble death, to murder or be murdered, to raise revolt, to seek a fortune, or to be buried. The route was lined with young soldiers, their heads bowed over their automatic rifles in ceremonious grief. The bands played old and slow tunes. The drums were draped in black. The staffs of the drum-majors were veiled. They moved slowly, steadily, at a curiously inexorable pace, and it looked as if nothing could ever stop them. The great crowd watched with an eloquent and absolute silence.

Read the more about Sir Winston Churchill’s funeral procession from the Guardian.

Winston Churchill Funeral Procession Route

From: BBC.com (‘Radio Times’ for the State Funeral of Winston Churchill)
Processional Route:
The Funeral Procession through London anf the Service in St Paul’s Cathedral will be followed by BBC television and radio. The Procession will leave St Stephen’s Hall in the Palace of Westminster, where Sir Winston will Lie in State, at 9.45 am and arrive at St Paul’s at 10.45. After the Service the cortege will proceed to Tower Pier for the journey by river to Festival Hall Pier and thence by road to Waterloo Station.
From Waterloo Station, Sir Winston’s body will be taken to Bladon, near Blenheim Palace, his birthplace, and there in the quiet churchyard Sir Winston will be laid to rest among his family.

Boat that carried Sir Winston Churchill’s coffin to return to Thames 50 years on for memorial

About Winston Churchill

 

Winston Churchill Resources

The Churchill Center

Winston Churchill on History.com

Winston Churchill on Biography.com

Winston Churchill on bbc.com

Winston Churchill: Why the life of Britain’s audacious leader still matters

The 10 greatest controversies of Winston Churchill’s career

 

Great Speeches

 

 

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